What are terpenes? If you are familiar with hemp, you have probably heard of terpenes. In simple terms, terpenes are compounds made by plants, some fruits and insects that give off a strong scent. When you smell a sunflower, you’re most likely experiencing a collection of terpenes. Terpenes are responsible for the individual and unique smells that come from fruits like oranges and plants like pine trees.
Terpenes play a vital role in the survival of plants, fruits and insects. Their strong smells can help repel predators or attract pollinators. In the same way aromatherapy works, inhaling the scent of certain terpenes has been associated with a boost in emotional well-being. Recent studies also show terpenes have physical health and mental benefits.
The recreational and medicinal use of the cannabis plant has brought more public awareness to terpenes and their associated benefits. (When we say cannabis plant, we are referring to both the hemp plant which is high in CBD and the marijuana plant which is high in THC.) Currently, there are about 20,000 terpenes and the cannabis plant has about 100 terpenes. There are many factors that influence a plant’s development of terpenes, including the climate, weather, maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and even the time of day. Let’s explore the terpenes that are high in concentrations in the cannabis plant.
Myrcene is the primary terpenes found in the cannabis plant. You can find myrcene in mangoes, hops, thyme, lemongrass, basil and more. Myrcene can have sedative and relaxing effects and benefits include anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, pain reliever and anti mutagenic.
This terpene has a peppery, spicy scent and is found in cinnamon and black pepper. Cinnamon can lower blood sugar levels, reduce heart disease risk factors and other health benefits. Black pepper may have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties while enhancing the absorption of some nutrients and compounds. Having the caryophyllene terpene in your CBD products may increase your absorption of said product. Studies indicate this terpene may help reduce anxiety, depression and inflammation.
Linalool is widely known for its stress-relieving, anti-depressive, and anti-anxiety effects. The linalool terpene gives lavender its relaxant effects.Studies show that linalool can return elevated stress levels in the immune system to near normal conditions. Linalool also exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-epileptic and analgesic properties.
Pinene smells like you would assume from its name: like pine needles. This terpene also has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It is also a strong bronchodilator meaning it causes widening of the bronchi, the tubes that bring oxygen to the body. This terpene has been used for centuries in herbal medicine.
There are thousands of other terpenes we didn't touch on but though the differences of terpenes are subtle, they add therapeutic value to cannabis. When using CBD that has concentrations of terpenes, they produce a synergistic effect. Ergo Hemp Co.’s products contain terpenes as shown by our lab results. (Remember how important lab results are!) So, are you ready to explore the effects of terpenes?
Disclaimer: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.